This check determines whether the Maximum Degree of Parallelism (MAXDOP) is set to a supported value. If the MAXDOP value has not been set to 1 on the SQL server instance on which you’re attempting to host your SharePoint 2013 databases, you will not be able to create databases on the instance, and you will get the following error message:
New-SPConfigurationDatabase: This SQL Server instance does not have the required “max degree of parallelism” setting of 1. Database provisioning operations will continue to fail if “max degree of parallelism” is not set 1 or the current account does not havepermissions to change the setting. See documentation for details on manually changing the setting.
Maximum Degree of Parallelism (MAXDOP) is a SQL server instance level setting that defines the number of processors used for the execution of a query in a parallel plan. It defines the computing and thread resources used for query plan operators that perform the work in parallel. Although many of the solutions using SQL server as a database backend may profit from the parallelism, SharePoint is one of the solutions that works best when the parallel execution is turned off (MAXDOP=1). For SharePoint 2007 and 2010, it is the recommended setting; however, for SharePoint 2013, it is a hard requirement.
Set the MAXDOP on the SQL Server instance to 1. This will disable the parallel execution on the instance. To do so, start the SQL Server Management Studio and execute the following T-SQL query on the affected SQL server instance:
USE master;GOEXEC sp_configure 'show advanced options', 1;GORECONFIGURE WITH OVERRIDE;GOEXEC sp_configure 'max degree of parallelism', 8;GORECONFIGURE WITH OVERRIDE;GO
To configure the max degree of parallelism option by using the SQL Server Management Studio UI, do the following:
In Object Explorer, right-click a server and select Properties.
Click the Advanced node.
In the Max Degree of Parallelism box, select the maximum number of processors to use in parallel plan execution.
Additional information can be found in the TechNet article: